Graphene paper – thin as paper and ten times stronger than steel
University of Technology Sydney (UTS) researchers have developed a composite material based on graphite called graphene paper (GP), and it is thin as paper and ten times stronger than steel. Researchers at UTS have successfully milled the raw graphite by purifying and filtering it with chemicals to reshape and reform it into nano-structured configurations which are then processed into sheets as thin as paper.
Supervised by Professor Guoxiu Wang, the research team has developed reproducible test results and nanostructural samples of graphene paper. These graphene nanosheet stacks consist of monolayer hexagonal carbon lattices and are placed in perfectly arranged laminar structures which give them exceptional thermal, electrical and mechanical properties.
By using a synthesised method and heat treatment, the UTS research team has produced material with extraordinary bending, rigidity and hardness mechanical properties. Compared to steel, the prepared GP is six times lighter, five to six times lower density, two times harder with 10 times higher tensile strength and 13 times higher bending rigidity.
“No one else has used a similar production and heat testing method to find and carry out such exceptional mechanical properties for graphene paper. We are definitely well ahead of other research societies”, said lead researcher Ali Reza Ranjbartoreh. “The exceptional mechanical properties of synthesised GP render it a promising material for commercial and engineering applications. Not only is it lighter, stronger, harder and more flexible than steel it is also a recyclable and sustainable manufacturable product that is eco-friendly and cost effective in its use.”
The production of GP from graphite also provides a remarkable amount of added value for the mining, material processing and manufacturing industries in Australia. Australian mines have immense graphite resources making the new material a favorable option to industry as an economical, home-grown and world-class technological advancement for mass production and industrial application. Graphite could also be extracted and filtered from factories and carbon-capture technologies.
Ranjbartoreh said the results promise great benefits for the use of graphene paper in the automotive and aviation industries, allowing the development of lighter and stronger cars and planes that use less fuel, generate less pollution, are cheaper to run and ecologically sustainable. He added that large aerospace companies have already started to replace metals in their airplanes with carbon fibers and carbon-based materials, and graphene paper with its incomparable mechanical properties would be the next material for them to explore.
For more information, you can read the article published in the Journal of Applied Physics named: “Advanced mechanical properties of graphene paper“.